Y分形的平面微带天线生成过程

来自:博客园精华区 2020-04-13

Y分形的平面微带天线生成过程

本文介绍了使用Altium Designer脚本程序生成Y型天线的过程,在窗体中线宽、迭代次数,边框长度可以直接设置。

Y分形天线用户界面由一个窗体、1个TImage控件、3个TLable控件、3个TEdit控件、一个TButton控件构成,

窗体步骤如下 :

    新建一个 VB Script Form文件,保存脚本文件,将文件命名为Y分形天线设计。 将窗体的 Caption属性改为“Y分形天线设计”。 在窗体中添加 1个TImage控件、3个TLable控件、3个TEdit控件、一个TButton控件。 TImage控件中加入图片,将3个TLable控件的Caption分别改为“边长(mm):”、“线宽(mm):”、“迭代次数:”。将3个TEdit控件的Text属性分别改为“100”、“2”、“4”,将TButton控件的Caption属性改为“生成”。

窗体如下图所示

图元分析:

Y分形天线的基本结构如 所示。基本的图元由主干 M、左分支L、右分支R构成,再一次迭代以左分支的终点和右分支的终点上增加一个基本Y型图元。

Y分形天线 的基本图元为 Y型,上下左右四个方向都向前生长Y型的分支,向上Y型每次迭代主干M都是垂直向上,左、下、右Y型分支和上Y型分支相同,可由上Y型生成之后将坐标依次变换一下,得到左、下、右Y型分支,生成的图像如下图所示,源码附后

源程序:

PI = 3.1415926

Sub Start_PCBServer()

Call Client.StartServer("PCB")

PcbFileName = "PCB1.PcbDoc"

Set Document = Client.OpenDocument("PCB", PcbFileName)

If Not (Document Is Nothing) Then

'Add this schematic sheet in the newly created PCB project in DXP.

Set Workspace = GetWorkspace

If Not (Workspace Is Nothing) Then

Workspace.DM_FocusedProject.DM_AddSourceDocument(Document.FileName)

End If

Client.ShowDocument(Document)

End If

End Sub

'Draw Line Function

Sub Paint_Line(x1,y1,x2,y2)

Dim Board

Dim Track

Set Board = PCBServer.GetCurrentPCBBoard

Track = PCBServer.PCBObjectFactory(eTrackObject,eNoDimension,eCreate_Default)

Track.X1 = MMsToCoord(CLng(x1)+Board.GetState_XOrigin/10000*0.0254)

Track.Y1 = MMsToCoord(CLng(y1)+Board.GetState_XOrigin/10000*0.0254)

Track.X2 = MMsToCoord(CLng(x2)+Board.GetState_XOrigin/10000*0.0254)

Track.Y2 = MMsToCoord(CLng(y2)+Board.GetState_XOrigin/10000*0.0254)

Track.Layer = eTopLayer

Track.Width = MMsToCoord(Round(Edit2.Text))

Board.AddPCBObject(Track)

Board.LayerIsDisplayed(ALayer) = True

End Sub

'Draw rectangle Function

Sub Paint_Rectangle(x1,y1,x2,y2)

call Paint_Line(x1,y1,x2,y1)

call Paint_Line(x1,y1,x1,y2)

call Paint_Line(x1,y2,x2,y2)

call Paint_Line(x2,y1,x2,y2)

End Sub

Sub Action_Redraw()

Call Client.SendMessage("PCB:Zoom","Action=Redraw", 255, Client.CurrentView)

Call Client.SendMessage("PCB:Zoom","Action=All", 255, Client.CurrentView)

End Sub

'SetState_Origin

Sub Set_Origin()

Set Board = PCBServer.GetCurrentPCBBoard

Board.SetState_YOrigin(80000000)

Board.SetState_XOrigin(80000000)

End Sub

Sub Board_Shape()

Call AddStringParameter("Scope", "All")

RunProcess("PCB:Select")

Call AddStringParameter("Mode", "BOARDOUTLINE_FROM_SEL_PRIMS")

RunProcess("PCB:PlaceBoardOutline")

Call AddStringParameter("Size", "2.500MM")

RunProcess("PCB:SnapGrid")

Call AddStringParameter("MeasurementUnit", "Toggle")

RunProcess("PCB:DocumentPreferences")

End Sub

Sub Button1Click(Sender)

call Start_PCBServer() 'Start PCBServer

Board_chang = Round(Edit1.Text)

Iter_Num = Round(Edit3.Text) 'Get Iteration Number

call Set_Origin() 'Set Shape Relative to the origin

call Paint_Rectangle(-Board_chang/2,-Board_chang/2,Board_chang/2,Board_chang/2)

Call Board_Shape()

Call Y_Shape(0,0,30,4)

Action_Redraw()

Close

End Sub

Sub Y_Shape(x,y,L,Iter_Num)

a = PI/4

L1=L*2/3

If Iter_Num=0 Then 'If Iter_Num = 0

Call Y_Xing(x,y,L,L1,a) 'Draw Y

Else

Call Y_Xing(x,y,L,L1,a) 'Draw Y

Call Y_Shape(x-L1*sin(a),y+L+L1*cos(a),L/2,Iter_Num-1)

Call Y_Shape(x+L1*sin(a),y+L+L1*cos(a),L/2,Iter_Num-1)

End If

End Sub

Sub Y_Xing(x,y,L,L1,a)

Call Paint_Line(x,y,x,y+L) 'Draw Vertical Line

Call Paint_Line(x,y+L,x-L1*sin(a),y+L+L1*cos(a)) 'Draw Left Diagonal Line

Call Paint_Line(x,y+L,x+L1*sin(a),y+L+L1*cos(a)) 'Draw Right Diagonal Line

'Draw Left Y

Call Paint_Line(-y,x,-(y+L),x) 'Draw Vertical Line

Call Paint_Line(-(y+L),x,-(y+L+L1*cos(a)),x-L1*sin(a)) 'Draw Left Diagonal Line

Call Paint_Line(-(y+L),x,-(y+L+L1*cos(a)),x+L1*sin(a)) 'Draw Right Diagonal Line

'DraW Down Y

Call Paint_Line(x,-y,x,-(y+L)) 'Draw Vertical Line

Call Paint_Line(x,-(y+L),x-L1*sin(a),-(y+L+L1*cos(a))) 'Draw Left Diagonal Line

Call Paint_Line(x,-(y+L),x+L1*sin(a),-(y+L+L1*cos(a))) 'Draw Right Diagonal Line

'Draw Right Y

Call Paint_Line(y,-x,y+L,-x) 'Draw Vertical Line

Call Paint_Line(y+L,-x,y+L+L1*cos(a),-(x-L1*sin(a))) 'Draw Left Diagonal Line

Call Paint_Line(y+L,-x,y+L+L1*cos(a),-(x+L1*sin(a))) 'Draw Right Diagonal Line

End Sub

参考资料:

[1]付丽华.一种基于Y分形的平面微带天线设计与优化[EB/OL].//www.elecfans.com/soft/69/2019/20190412905256.html,2019.

[2] Altium Limited.PCB API Design Objects Interfaces[EB/OL].//techdocs.altium.com/display/SCRT/PCB+API+Design+Objects+Interfaces,2017-9-13.